Baerenwelten

Brown bears

 

 

 

The family of bears include a total of nine subspecies, which together almost colonize the entire northern hemisphere. One of these subspecies - the European brown bear - was once also here in Germany at home. Brown bears are very similar to Humans. They can adapt well to the conditions of nature, as they are classic omnivore - from carrion, meat, fish out to fruit and vegetables.

 

How we humans use to walk the entire sole of the foot the bears do it too, which makes them appear clumsy gait. Nevertheless, achieving Bears at the hunt or at risk an enormous speeds of nearly 60 km/h. Plus, they are still very clever and very intelligent.

 

Although they belong to the genus of "predators" (expressed technically correct land predators - as they rob not only to satisfy their hunger) , bears are no classic but omnivorous predators that feed on 90% pure vegetarian. Early on their teeth were designed accordingly, by four canine teeth (canines) with subsequent sets of molar teeth. When crushing their preys  the bears often use their paws.

 

Habitat

 

Brown bears once lived throughout Europe and also in Central Asia and North America. However, we encounter today only wild brown bears in the Carpathian Mountains, Scandinavia and Russian. Some of them have yet found in the Pyrenees and the Balkans has taught us or how Bruno, in the German-Italian Alpen. Before the winter they put on weight. They really do not expire in a winter sleep. Their physical activity is a severe, they take no food and fluids and don’t excrete anything. Instead, they live off their fat reserves, but are alerted to danger and thus easily woken.

 

Family behaviour

 

Brown bears are most solitary. At high food supply as on the upper river courses, for example at the salmon hunt they appear in groups.

 

The male specimens care after fertilization no longer for the female bear, and thus not the common offspring. This task is the mother alone, up to an age of two to three years.

 

During this time, the mothers teach their young (up to three in one litter) all, what they need for their lives - from the hunt, on the flight behavior, up to the defense.

 

Birth

 

After fertilization in May and June, the female bear brings their young at late winter (February / March) in a cave to the world.

 

As a mother bear has after hibernate no longer enough fat reserves, the nature has set  it up so that the  bear young are at birth enormously small, and weigh only 300-500 grams, and barely larger than a hand, and thus they need very little milk.

 

More surprising is that an adult European brown bear can reach a weight of 350 kg and a size of about 2.20 meters.

 

The American brown bear (grizzly - the largest land predator) reaches nearly 800 kg, with a size of about 2.80 meters.

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